“乔姆斯基研究所”系列讲座第二期

发布日期: 2022-11-08 浏览次数:
题目:Impossible Languages
主讲人:Professor Andrea Moro
时间:2022-11-09 16:30 至 2022-11-09 17:30
地点:腾讯会议ID: 978 324 118
主办单位:语言学系
讲座内容:

主讲嘉宾简介

  Andrea Carlo Moro is an Italian linguist, neuroscientist and novelist. He is currently full professor of general linguistics at the Institute for Advanced Study IUSS Pavia, Italy, founder and former director of NeTS and of the Department of Cognitive Behavioural and Social Sciences. He was the professor at the Università di Bologna and at the Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele. Professor Moro is the member of International Professors’ Committee of the Department of Linguistics in Beijing Language and Culture University. He has long collaborated with Professor Noam Chomsky and has made outstanding achievements in both syntactic theory and neurolinguistics, including syntactic theory related to Be verbs, theory of clause structure, and neural correlation between grammar and the brain. 

His book, The Secrets of words, coauthored with Noam Chomsky, was recently published by MIT Press, where he discusses with Noam Chomsky some crucial aspects of the relationships between the brain and language. In particular, his notion of impossible languages is highlighted and its impact on neuroscience and epistemology in general is illustrated. The core idea is that humans ignore the only indisputable fact concerning language, namely its linear structure, and compute grammar on the sole basis of hierarchical structures recursively generated. The core argument is taken from those experiments conceived by Moro who designed artificial languages based on linear order and showed that the brain progressively inhibits those networks which are canonically reserved for language. His first novel is “Il segreto di Pietramala” a thriller concerning a lost language. For this novel, Andrea Moro was awarded the Flaiano Prizes (Italian: Premi Flaiano) for literature in July 2018.        

安德里亚·卡洛·莫罗(Andrea Carlo Moro),意大利语言学家、神经科学家和小说家;欧洲科学院院士。意大利IUSS Pavia高级研究所教授,NeTS和认知行为与社会科学系的创始人和前主任。他曾任博洛尼亚大学和圣拉斐勒生命健康大学大学的教授。莫罗教授是北京语言大学语言学系国际教授委员会成员,他长期与乔姆斯基合作,在句法理论和神经语言学两个方面都有突出成就,主要研究内容包括与Be动词有关的句法理论、关于小句结构的理论、语法与大脑的神经关联等。

莫罗教授与乔姆斯基教授合作的著作《语言的秘密》近期在MIT出版社出版,在该书中,莫罗与诺姆·乔姆斯基一起共同讨论了大脑与语言之间关系的一些关键方面。特别是,他强调了不可能的语言的概念,并说明了它对神经科学和认识论的影响。核心思想是,人类忽略了关于语言的唯一无可争辩的事实,即它的线性结构,并在递归生成的层次结构的基础上计算语法。核心论点取自莫罗的那些实验,他设计了基于线性顺序的人工语言,并表明大脑逐渐抑制那些传统上为语言保留的网络。莫罗的第一部小说是Il segreto di Pietramala是一部关于失去的语言的惊悚片。20187月,安德里亚·莫罗因这部小说获得了弗莱亚诺奖(意大利语:Premi Flaiano)。